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||Jethro Tull, New Horse Houghing Husbandry
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By Mary L. Bushong
1 When some people hear the name of Jethro Tull, they think of a rock and roll band. The original Tull lived a long time ago. He lived in a time before steam ships, rail roads, radios, or telephones. Jethro Tull was a farmer, but he was also much more.
2 Jethro was born in Berkshire, England in 1674. It was great farmland, but he did not appreciate it at first. As the son of a gentleman, Jethro went to school at St. John's College at Oxford. There, he studied to be a lawyer.
3 Once he had left school in 1699, he did not choose to practice that trade. Instead, he went to his father's farm in Oxfordshire and managed it for the next ten years.
4 One of the first things Jethro noticed was that farmers would plant their wheat seed by throwing it out over the ground. He thought this was a big waste. Sometimes it would fall so thick, it would not grow well, and sometimes not enough would fall, so space was wasted. The farmer could not cover the seeds, and birds ate many before they could grow. He thought there had to be a better way, and he finally thought of a solution.
5 Two years after beginning farming, he invented a horse-drawn seed drill. In those days, there were no tractors, and they used animals like horses or oxen to pull the plow. This new invention would drill a hole and plant a seed automatically. The grains could be planted evenly in straight rows without waste. You would think that such a great new idea would make the farmers very happy, but they were not. They got angry with Jethro for trying to change their way of life.
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