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Native Americans
Who Were the First Americans? (Grades 4 to 6)



Who Were the First Americans? (Grades 4 to 6)
Reading Level
     edHelper's suggested reading level:   grades 4 to 6
     Flesch-Kincaid grade level:   9.02

Vocabulary
     challenging words:    census, nomadic, highly, distinct, fifteenth, theory, cultural, settled, general, loss, series, traveled, corridor, sheets, alive, however
     content words:    Native Americans, North American, Bering Strait, Pacific Northwest, Northwest Coastal Area, Plains Area, Plateau Area, Eastern Woodlands Area, Northern Area, Southwestern Area


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Who Were the First Americans?
By Jennifer Kenny
  

1     Native Americans were the people who lived on the North American continent thousands of years before the European settlers started their voyages in the fifteenth century. Most scientists agree that the Native Americans traveled to this land from Asia through the Bering Strait during several series of migrations or movements. They followed an open corridor to this land and then moved east and south from the Alaskan area. These migrations are believed to have begun more than 10,000 years ago, although some scholars will argue that it could have been as far back as 25,000 years ago!
 
2     Some Native Americans alive today believe that these ancestors were always here on the North American continent and that they did not come from another continent. They offer stories that have been passed down through generations in their families to support their theory.
 
3     However they got here, these first Americans had a lot of work to do to survive. They had to adapt to a changing climate as well as new environments and terrains. They began as hunters of large animals, which became extinct and then they moved to smaller game. Many of them gradually became farmers and artisans. They really knew how to use their natural resources.

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