The Iroquois (Grades 2-3)
||edHelper's suggested reading level:
||grades 2 to 3
||Flesch-Kincaid grade level:
||people, beavers, clan, jewelry, northeast, section, tribe, lived, aside, eastern, government, squash, wooden, charge, building, woman
||Mohawk River, Lake Erie, Three Sisters, Great Spirit, False Faces, New York, Grand Council
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By Jennifer Kenny
The Iroquois people lived in the northeast. When they talked about themselves, they named their tribe such as Mohawk, Onondaga, Oneida, Cayuga, or Seneca, or they called themselves the people of the longhouse. They believed they were part of a huge longhouse of people with the Mohawk tribe guarding the eastern door near the Mohawk River and the Seneca guarding the western door near Lake Erie.
Each town of Iroquois had a longhouse where the people lived. It was a building with a roof that could hold 12 or more families. It had doors at both ends. There was a smoke-hole in the roof because a fire was made inside the longhouse. Each family had its own section, but there was a part in the middle of the longhouse where everyone could meet.
Iroquois tribes organized into clans. A clan was a family with a common ancestor, or a person who lived in the family a long time ago. Each clan had a clan mother in charge. She was an older woman. She owned the crops and the houses. She held a lot of power. The Iroquois also had chiefs.Paragraphs 4 to 8:
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