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Inventors of the Guitar



Inventors of the Guitar
Reading Level
     edHelper's suggested reading level:   grades 5 to 7
     Flesch-Kincaid grade level:   7.12

Vocabulary
     challenging words:    electro-magnetic, guitarist, luthier, tablature, vihuela, songwriter, mass-produced, volume, renamed, lute, nylon, frets, bass, fans, amplify, classic
     content words:    Acoustic Guitar, Ancient Egypt, In Europe, Francisco Tarrega, Antonio Torres, Electric Guitar, Frying Pan, Leo Fender, Fender Telecaster, Les Paul


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Inventors of the Guitar
By Sharon Fabian
  

1     First, the guitar was invented. That occurred a long time ago, maybe in the 1500s. Then the electric guitar was invented. That occurred much more recently, in the 1930s. Both inventions probably came about in the same way. Musicians wanted to make some new sounds, so they revised instruments that they already had to create new ones.
 
2     
Invention of the Acoustic Guitar

 
3     Stringed instruments go back at least as far as Ancient Egypt and Rome. We know this from clay tablets and other forms of pictures that show people playing stringed instruments. In Europe, a stringed instrument called the lute was more popular, but guitars were also around. During the 16th century, guitars had double strings instead of the single strings that they have today. Strings were made of gut, not nylon or metal. There was not one standard type of guitar as there is today, either. Some guitars had three strings, some had four, and some had five.
 
4     The 17th century was probably when the six-string guitar arrived. A Spanish instrument called a vihuela had six double strings made of gut. It was longer than today's guitar, but it was played using frets on the neck of the guitar. Music for it was written down in tablature, as it is now. Like the other stringed instruments, a vihuela had a hollow body that gave the sound its volume. Many people consider the guitar a Spanish invention.
 
5     In the 18th century, the bass guitar was invented, and so was a ten-string guitar. The ten-string guitar had the six regular strings and a separate set of four bass strings. Also during this time, single strings came into use instead of the old double strings.

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