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Landforms
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Geographical Landforms



Geographical Landforms
Reading Level
     edHelper's suggested reading level:   grades 4 to 5
     Flesch-Kincaid grade level:   5.54

Vocabulary
     challenging words:    mountainous, states-Arizona, geographical, hawaii, view, canyons, elevation, interesting, contour, texas, actually, general, level, landforms, lines, however
     content words:    Caribbean Sea, Atlantic Ocean, Central America, South America, West Indies, United States, Great Lakes, Pacific Coast, Atlantic Coast, Pacific Ocean


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Geographical Landforms
By Trista L. Pollard
  

1     The view of Earth from space must be very interesting. Imagine seeing the different colors, shapes, and structures on our planet. Well, thanks to nature, Earth has variety! It has geographical landforms.
 
2     Landforms are physical features on Earth that are made by nature. These features are seen on maps and on globes. Landforms can be classified or put into two categories land and water. We will start with water.
 
3     You know that oceans are large bodies of salt water. Well, seas also contain salt water. However, they are smaller than oceans. Seas also empty into some of our major oceans. For example, the Caribbean Sea empties into the Atlantic Ocean. It is between Central America and South America. The islands of the West Indies are also in the Caribbean Sea. Gulfs are found towards the land. They are part of a sea or ocean. They are partly surrounded by land. The Gulf of Mexico is found near the southern coast of the United States. Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, and Florida border the Gulf of Mexico. Rivers, lakes, and streams, as you know, empty into seas, gulfs, and oceans. Lakes are bodies of water that are surrounded by land. There are many lakes in the United States (U.S.). Can you name the Great Lakes that are on the northern border of the U.S.?
 
4     Coasts are the land that is near a sea or ocean. Two of the coastlines in the U.S. are the Pacific Coast and the Atlantic Coast. The Pacific Ocean borders the U.S. in the west, and the Atlantic Ocean is its eastern border. Deltas are also found near coastlines. Deltas are areas of mud and sand that form at river mouths. This is where the mud and sand settle at the end of a river. The speed of the river slows down as it meets the larger body of water. One famous delta is found at the end of the Mississippi River in the southern U.S.
 
5     As you travel near coastlines, you may see islands and peninsulas. Islands are smaller bodies of land that are surrounded by water. Hawaii, one of our fifty states, is a group of islands. Peninsulas are strips of land that are connected to larger bodies of land. They are surrounded by water on at least three of their sides. Florida is a peninsula.

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