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Cruising the South Atlantic Region



Cruising the South Atlantic Region
Reading Level
     edHelper's suggested reading level:   grades 4 to 6
     Flesch-Kincaid grade level:   6.39

Vocabulary
     challenging words:    nonrenewable, subregions, subtropical, unpredictable, washington, humidity, silt, temperate, rugged, mines, spongy, steamy, inland, original, further, entire
     content words:    South Atlantic Region, South Region, North Carolina, South Carolina, West Virginia, United States Census Bureau, Atlantic Region, Northeast Region, South Atlantic, Atlantic Ocean


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Cruising the South Atlantic Region
By Trista L. Pollard
  

1     Leave the Northeast on Route 95, and you will enter the South Atlantic Region. This area is one of three subregions in the South Region. It has eight states and one district. The South Atlantic's geography can be seen by car, boat, and train.
 
2     Six of the region's states were part of the thirteen original colonies. They are Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia. West Virginia and Florida are the last two states. Washington, D.C. is a district. The "D.C." stands for District of Columbia. A district is an area that is used as government land. Washington, D.C. is the capital of our country. It is located between Maryland and Virginia. The United States Census Bureau lists Delaware and Maryland in the South Atlantic Region. However, some geographers have included both states in the Northeast Region.
 
3     West Virginia is the only state in the South Atlantic that does not border the Atlantic Ocean. Florida also borders the Gulf of Mexico to its west. Most of Delaware and part of Maryland lie on the Delmarva Peninsula. Delmarva is named after Delaware, Maryland, and Virginia. A small part of Virginia is located on the peninsula. The state of Florida is also a peninsula.
 
4     The Delmarva Peninsula is part of the Atlantic Coastal Plains. Remember, this plain begins in New England. It covers the entire east coast to Florida. Once it reaches Florida, the plain turns west. It becomes the Gulf Coastal Plain. This plain borders Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana. The coastal plain has low flat land. Most of the land is sand and silt. There are also wetlands in the Outer Coastal Plain. Wetlands are areas of land that are covered by water. The coasts of Delaware, Virginia, and North Carolina have wetlands. The Inner Coastal Plain is further inland from the coast.
 
5     Along the coast of North Carolina there are small islands. These islands, which form a group, are called barrier islands. Thousands of years ago, melting glacier water carried sand and mud to rivers and oceans. Both were deposited by the oceans and rivers near the coastline. The water in this area was shallow, so the mud and sand built up over time. Today, these islands are vacation spots for many people. People also live on these islands year round. The southern coast of Florida has islands called keys. The Florida Keys are connected to the mainland by bridges. If you look at a map, you will see these low islands. They form a chain as they stretch into the Gulf of Mexico.

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