More Changes Needed - Amendments of the 1900s, Part 2 - Reading Comprehension
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More Changes Needed - Amendments of the 1900s, Part 2 Reading Comprehension
More Changes Needed - Amendments of the 1900s, Part 2 reading comprehension (sample is shown below)
More Changes Needed - Amendments of the 1900s, Part 2
By Phyllis Naegeli
1 As America approached the time of World War II, more changes to our Constitution occurred. Presidential term limits were established. Presidential succession was clarified. Voting rights were defined and modified. One amendment was ratified more than two hundred years after its presentation to the states. Our Constitution continued to work for us.
2 Amendment 22 limits presidential terms of office to two. Prior to this amendment, presidents voluntarily served two terms in office. However, in 1940, Franklin D. Roosevelt had held two terms in office, and he decided to run for a third. The world was in a turbulent period during his terms of office. He felt he would be able to continue to help keep America out of the war. The people agreed, and he was elected. Unfortunately, on December 7, 1941, America was attacked at Pearl Harbor. Roosevelt had no choice but to declare war. When the time came for another election, Roosevelt decided to run. He was elected for a fourth term. However, he died early in this term. During Roosevelt's time in office, a movement to restrict presidential terms of office to two began. On March 21, 1947, Congress passed the 22nd Amendment. In addition to limiting presidents to two terms, the amendment limits someone who takes over for a president. If a person serves more than two years of the term of another, that person can only run for one additional term. Harry Truman, who took the presidency when Roosevelt died, was exempted from the requirements of this amendment. However, he chose to run for only one additional term.
3 Amendment 23 gave voters in the District of Columbia electors for presidential voting. Up until 1961, residents in the District Columbia did not have the right to vote in presidential elections. On June 17, 1960, Congress passed the 23rd Amendment to grant the District of Columbia electors based on the number of congressional representatives it would have if it were a state. It was ratified on March 29, 1961.
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