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The Civil War
(1861-1865)

Civilian Families in the North



Civilian Families in the North
Reading Level
     edHelper's suggested reading level:   grades 7 to 9
     Flesch-Kincaid grade level:   6.73

Vocabulary
     challenging words:    sanitary, relatively, defiance, wounded, beginning, jams, morale, income, maintain, percentage, anger, affected, distraction, goods, bonus, battle
     content words:    American Civil War, When Theodora Dix, Soldiers Aid Society, Jenny Wade, When Union, Civil War


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Civilian Families in the North
By Mary Lynn Bushong
  

1     At the beginning of the American Civil War, the North had many advantages that the South did not have. While they did not have the same anger and defiance exhibited by the Confederacy, they had the same determination to win.
 
2     The highly industrialized Northern states had two major advantages. They had access to raw materials and systems to break them down into finished goods efficiently. The mills and foundries were more than able to help supply the needs of the army. The relatively dense population of the people was another bonus. A smaller percentage of them were needed to fight at any one time. Also, many of the soldiers were not enlisting for the whole war.
 
3     While women were not supposed to fight as soldiers (400 of them did so in disguise), they were expected to support the war in other ways. They would often join together to turn bed sheets into rolls of bandages. They also raised money to improve sanitary conditions in the hospitals full of wounded soldiers.

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