The Great Depression

FDR's Second New Deal - More Jobs

FDR's Second New Deal - More Jobs
Reading Level
     edHelper's suggested reading level:   grades 7 to 9
     Flesch-Kincaid grade level:   6.83

     challenging words:    acronyms-CCC, archived, strident, to-theirs, chairman, policies, legacy, margin, helping, cultural, supporter, needy, urgent, reform, critic, political
     content words:    New Deal, President Roosevelt, Second New Deal, National Youth Administration, Works Progress Administration, Federal Project One, Federal Art Project, Federal Writers, Federal Theater Project, Under FTP

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FDR's Second New Deal - More Jobs
By Toni Lee Robinson

1     "Government needs to mind its own business!" That's what some people said about the New Deal. Some thought Roosevelt's policies were meddling in private enterprise. Others felt that the New Deal gave government too much power. New Deal programs were known by their acronyms—CCC, NIRA, FERA, AAA, and the like. Some people called the New Deal laws "alphabet soup."
2     But voters thought the New Deal was minding the business it was meant to—theirs. They felt the new laws were helping them cope with the Depression. They reelected President Roosevelt by a big margin in 1936. After his victory, Roosevelt cooked up another batch of "alphabet soup." This period was called the Second New Deal. Its focus was on relief and reform.
3     In the early years of the Depression, millions of men with families were out of work. The first New Deal laws had been aimed at helping people feed their families. Keeping students in school had seemed a less urgent need. In his second term, Roosevelt established the National Youth Administration (NYA). This program employed high school and college students. NYA jobs enabled millions of needy students to finish school.
4     By this time, New Deal policies were easing the hard times of the Depression for most people. But business was still sluggish. This meant that in some areas, jobs and regular paychecks were still hard to come by. The Works Progress Administration was set up to meet this need.
5     The WPA attacked the problem on two fronts. First, laborers were put to work on public works projects. WPA workers built things like roads, hospitals, and power plants. But people who did other kinds of work needed jobs, too. Musicians, artists, writers, and actors were also without work. The WPA created Federal Project One to help skilled workers. FP1 was made up of four sections.

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