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Cold War
(1947-1991)

The Arms Race



The Arms Race
Reading Level
     edHelper's suggested reading level:   grades 6 to 8
     Flesch-Kincaid grade level:   7.73

Vocabulary
     challenging words:    radiation, atomic, nuclear, stockpile, exile, bomb, insure, testing, operation, instantly, monitor, powerful, necessary, peace, attack, blast
     content words:    United States, World War II, Soviet Union, Cold War, Bikini Atoll, Pacific Ocean, Marshall Islands, Operation Crossroads


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The Arms Race
By Sharon Fabian
  

1     The United States shocked the world when it dropped an atomic bomb on Japan to end World War II. Then, in 1949, when Russia set off an atomic bomb in a test in Kazakhstan, we found out that the United States was not the only country with nuclear weapons.
 
2     This began the contest between the United States and the Soviet Union known as the arms race. The arms race was a major part of the Cold War. Both countries produced more and more powerful nuclear weapons to try to stay ahead of the other. They knew that this was a dangerous contest. After all, when the US dropped the atomic bombs on Japan, thousands and thousands of people were killed instantly, and the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki were destroyed. What they did not understand yet was that nuclear weapons had even more hidden dangers.
 
3     The United States would learn about these hidden dangers when it conducted nuclear bomb tests on Bikini Atoll.
 
4     Bikini Atoll is a group of 23 small coral islands grouped around a 25-mile wide lagoon in the Pacific Ocean. They are part of the Marshall Islands.
 
5     The United States chose Bikini Atoll as the testing site for some of their most powerful atomic bombs. This nuclear testing program was named "Operation Crossroads." At the beginning of the testing, the island people were moved off of the islands closest to ground zero. They were told that the tests were necessary to insure world peace, and they were also told that they would be able to move back soon after the testing was completed.

Paragraphs 6 to 11:
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Cold War
(1947-1991)

             Cold War
(1947-1991)



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