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The Civil War
(1861-1865)

Second Battle of Bull Run-Manassas



Second Battle of Bull Run-Manassas
Reading Level
     edHelper's suggested reading level:   grades 7 to 9
     Flesch-Kincaid grade level:   7.99

Vocabulary
     challenging words:    stonewall, depot, determined, multiple, insensitive, wounded, pompous, military, command, mislead, flank, refused, victory, defeat, reputation, artillery
     content words:    Manassas Junction, American Civil War, Shenandoah Valley, General McClellan, General John, General Robert E., Bull Run, On August, General Longstreet, Native American


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Second Battle of Bull Run-Manassas
By Mary L. Bushong
  

1     Two battles, a little more than a year apart, were fought near Manassas Junction during the American Civil War. The first was in July 1861, and the second was from August 29-30, 1862. The reason for this was because the town was an important railway junction. Railways were life's blood to the military, moving not only troops and the wounded, but more importantly, weapons and other supplies.
 
2     Throughout the spring and early summer of 1862, Confederate forces worked to gain control of the Shenandoah Valley. As a result of multiple Southern victories, Lincoln decided it was time to replace General McClellan with a new face.
 
3     General John Pope's reputation for being a pompous, insensitive bully extended from his own troops to the Southern prisoners of war, earning him the hatred of the South. At least one officer refused to be under his command.

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