edHelper.com
The 1920's
Justice Sees Red - The Case of Sacco and Vanzetti, Part 2



Justice Sees Red - The Case of Sacco and Vanzetti, Part 2
Reading Level
     edHelper's suggested reading level:   grades 9 to 12
     Flesch-Kincaid grade level:   8.7

Vocabulary
     challenging words:    alibi, ballistics, Celestino, circumstantial, cross-examination, culpable, innocente, Madeiros, precursor, revolver, Sono, tribunal, payroll, foreign-born, inmate, flamboyant
     content words:    Nicola Sacco, Bartolomeo Vanzetti, District Attorney A., Attorney Fred H., Judge Webster Thayer, Judge Thayer, Harvard President A., Lawrence Lowell, Of Vanzetti, Celestino F.


Print Justice Sees Red - The Case of Sacco and Vanzetti, Part 2
     Print Justice Sees Red - The Case of Sacco and Vanzetti, Part 2  (font options, pick words for additional puzzles, and more)


Quickly Print - PDF format
     Quickly Print: PDF (2 columns per page)

     Quickly Print: PDF (full page)


Quickly Print - HTML format
     Quickly Print: HTML


Proofreading Activity
     Print a proofreading activity


Feedback on Justice Sees Red - The Case of Sacco and Vanzetti, Part 2
     Leave your feedback on Justice Sees Red - The Case of Sacco and Vanzetti, Part 2  (use this link if you found an error in the story)



Justice Sees Red - The Case of Sacco and Vanzetti, Part 2
By Toni Lee Robinson
  

1     Two suspects, Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti, both Italian immigrants, were in custody, charged with the Braintree robbery and murders. When questioned, the men lied about several matters, including the origin of the guns found on their persons and their association with radical groups.
 
2     At the time of his arrest, a revolver similar to the one dropped by the payroll guard was discovered in Vanzetti's possession. Police also found that Sacco had been absent from the shoe factory where he worked on the day of the crime. A dark cap picked up at the scene of the shooting appeared to be the type worn by Nicola Sacco. It had a small tear on the inside consistent with the nail on which Sacco habitually hung his cap at work. Eyewitnesses were hazy at first in their identification of the two men.
 
3     District Attorney A. Katzmann worked to build the prosecution's case. Attorney Fred H. Moore of California was hired to defend the two Italians. Flamboyant and a little radical himself, Moore's first tactic was a public relations blitz. He broadcast the case far and wide as an attempt by the powerful to railroad two innocent working men. Moore appealed to labor groups, radicals, and immigrants with his message: the two Italian men were being framed. Their only real crime, Moore insisted, was that they were foreign-born, and even worse, that they were "active and influential radicals."
 
4     The judge, Moore claimed, was prejudiced against radicals and immigrants. Vanzetti had, in fact, previously appeared before Judge Webster Thayer. The judge had handed down an unusually harsh sentence when the jury, on circumstantial evidence, declared Vanzetti guilty of robbery. Thayer is reported to have stated to the jury: "This man, although he may not have actually committed the crime...is nevertheless morally culpable, because he is the enemy of our existing institutions." Peers of Judge Thayer later reported the judge often expressed his dislike of dissidents and "Reds." At the trial, Katzmann questioned both men on their loyalty to their adopted country. Defense objections to this line of inquiry were overruled.

Paragraphs 5 to 11:
For the complete story with questions: click here for printable


Copyright © 2009 edHelper