edHelper.com
Black History and Blacks in U.S. History
Leaders in the Legislative Branch



Leaders in the Legislative Branch
Reading Level
     edHelper's suggested reading level:   grades 8 to 12
     Flesch-Kincaid grade level:   7.9

Vocabulary
     challenging words:    best-known, redrawn, literacy, beginning, dishonest, domestic, setback, addition, campaign, regain, public, increase, effort, equal, lasted, former
     content words:    African Americans, United States, Hiram Revels, United States Senate, Joseph Rainey, African American, Blanche K., African American Congressmen, Civil War, Jim Crow


Print Leaders in the Legislative Branch
     Print Leaders in the Legislative Branch  (font options, pick words for additional puzzles, and more)


Quickly Print - PDF format
     Quickly Print: PDF (2 columns per page)

     Quickly Print: PDF (full page)


Quickly Print - HTML format
     Quickly Print: HTML


Proofreading Activity
     Print a proofreading activity


Feedback on Leaders in the Legislative Branch
     Leave your feedback on Leaders in the Legislative Branch  (use this link if you found an error in the story)



Leaders in the Legislative Branch
By Sharon Fabian
  

1     When slavery ended, African Americans gained the chance to take part in American democracy. They became lawmakers at the local, state, and federal levels. Beginning in the 1870s, African Americans became members of both houses of Congress in the United States government. Hiram Revels, a free black man born in a slave state, was elected to the United States Senate in 1870. Joseph Rainey, born a slave, was the first African American elected to the House of Representatives, in 1870. Blanche K. Bruce was elected to the Senate in 1875. After a few years, no more blacks were elected to Congress for nearly one hundred years. What changed? What happened to stop the election of black lawmakers so soon after it had begun?
 
2     The 1870s, when these first African American Congressmen were elected, was the time known as Reconstruction. It was a period of rebuilding after the Civil War. There were federal troops still stationed in southern states. The U.S. government was making an effort to include former slaves in our democracy.
 
3     Reconstruction lasted for only a few years. Then the government withdrew its troops from the South. Former white leaders of the southern states took steps to regain the power they had lost. They passed laws restricting the rights and activities of African Americans. These laws became known as Jim Crow laws. One of the ways they restricted the freedoms of African Americans was by making it more difficult to vote.
 
4     Poll taxes were charged. Poll taxes stopped some people who had little money from voting. Literacy tests were instituted. They stopped people who had never learned to read from voting. Voting districts were redrawn, separating the black votes and making them less effective. Illegal activities kept blacks from voting, too. Violence and threats of violence kept black voters away from the polls. Dishonest elections caused some votes to go uncounted.
 
5     With these measures in place, it was very difficult for African Americans to be elected to public office. For nearly 100 years, from the end of Reconstruction until the 1960s, few blacks were elected. This was true especially to the highest offices.

Paragraphs 6 to 11:
For the complete story with questions: click here for printable



Weekly Reading Books

          Create Weekly Reading Books

Prepare for an entire week at once!


Black History and Blacks in U.S. History
             Black History and Blacks in U.S. History


United States
             United States


    American Government  
 
    Black History and Blacks in U.S. History  
 
    Children in History  
 
    Government Careers  
 
    Hispanic Heritage  
 
    How Can I Help?  
 
 
    Immigration  
 
    National Parks and Monuments  
 
    Native Americans  
 
    Presidents of the United States  
 
    Women's History  
 


United States History
    A Nation Divided
(1840-1861)
 
 
    A New Nation
(1776-1830)
 
 
    After the Civil War
(1865-1870)
 
 
    American Revolution  
 
    Cold War
(1947-1991)
 
 
    Colonial America (1492-1776)  
 
    Lewis and Clark
(1804-1806)
 
 
    Pearl Harbor  
 
    Spanish American War (1898)  
 
    The 1890's  
 
    The 1900's  
 
    The 1910's  
 
    The 1920's  
 
    The 1930's  
 
 
    The 1940's  
 
    The 1950's  
 
    The 1960's  
 
    The 1970's  
 
    The 1980's  
 
    The 1990's  
 
    The 2000's  
 
    The Civil War
(1861-1865)
 
 
    The Great Depression
(1929-1945)
 
 
    The United States Grows
(1865-1900)
 
 
    The War of 1812  
 
    Wild, Wild West  
 
    World War I
(1914-1918)
 
 
    World War II  
 


50 States

             Fifty States Theme Unit


Document Based Activities
      Document Based Activities


More Activities, Lesson Plans, and Worksheets


Back to School
Graphic Organizers
Alphabet Worksheets
Sight Words
Math Worksheets
Mazes
50 States
Education
Teaching

Monthly Themes
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December

Fractions
Place Value
Time and Calendar
Money
Earth Day
Solar System
Analogies
Nouns
Following Directions
Listening
Capitalization
Cursive Writing
Patterns and Sequencing
Dinosaurs
All About Me

Kindergarten
First Grade
Second Grade
Third Grade
Fourth Grade
Fifth Grade
Sixth Grade

Multiplication
Division
Main Idea
Cause and Effect
Measurement
Decimals
Rounding
Order of Operations
Verbs
Community Helpers
Adjectives
Plants
Grammar
Addition and Subtraction
Contractions
Bulletin Board Ideas
Word Searches
Crossword Puzzles
Printable Puzzles

Reading Comprehension
Reading Skills
English Language Arts





Copyright © 2014 edHelper