Native Americans
The French and Indian War, Part 3

The French and Indian War, Part 3
Reading Level
     edHelper's suggested reading level:   grades 7 to 9
     Flesch-Kincaid grade level:   6.79

     challenging words:    contingent, forbes, re-supplied, determined, navigate, fortification, withdrawal, assault, skirmish, unsuccessful, wounded, military, extremely, frontier, siege, resist
     content words:    Fort Niagara, Quebec City, Fort Frontenac, Lake Ontario, General John Forkes, Fort Duquesne, Ohio Valley, Fort Pitt, North America, Crown Point

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The French and Indian War, Part 3
By Mary Lynn Bushong

1     Over the next two years, the French lost frontier posts at Fort Niagara and then the Fortress of Louisbourg at the mouth of the St. Lawrence. From that point, the British could control much of what was meant to go to Quebec City. That included food supplies as well as military reinforcements. They also captured Fort Frontenac, this gave them control of Lake Ontario. In the middle of that same summer of 1758, Brig. General John Forkes took a contingent of men to try to take Fort Duquesne where the war's first skirmish had occurred. He succeeded and then held peace talks with the region's Iroquois. They all agreed to peace with Britain and left the French without allies.
2     The withdrawal of the French from the upper Ohio Valley left it open to British colonization. Forbes rebuilt the destroyed fort and called it Fort Pitt. It would later be the site of the city of Pittsburgh.
3     In 1759, the British were still gaining more and more control in North America. The French forts at Ticonderoga, Crown Point, and Niagara fell to their control. There was only one major base left to the French, the fortress at Quebec.
4     Plans were soon under way to take Quebec as well. Once it was in the hands of the British, no other French forts that remained would be able to resist.

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