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Black History and Blacks in U.S. History
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Theme Unit
NAACP



NAACP
Reading Level
     edHelper's suggested reading level:   grades 4 to 6
     Flesch-Kincaid grade level:   7

Vocabulary
     challenging words:    abolitionists, affirmative, DuBois, educational, epic, equality, forefront, griffith, helping, lynchings, militant, non-violent, offering, publication, striking, Thurgood
     content words:    Emancipation Proclamation, United States, Ku Klux Klan, New York City, Ida Wells-Barnett, Mary Church Terrell, Niagara Movement, Mary White Ovington, Oswald Garrison Villard, National Negro Committee


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NAACP
By Jane Runyon
  

1     The Emancipation Proclamation was designed to give freedom to African-Americans. They had been forced into slavery in the United States. Abolitionists and former slaves hoped this document would give the same rights to people of color as it did to white settlers. It wasn't that easy. New laws were created to stop progress each time it was made.
 
2     The early 1900s saw a lot of unrest. Lynchings were held in various parts of the country. Whites who felt that blacks were trying to gain more freedom or ignore white laws would take the law into their own hands. Groups who did this were called vigilantes. The Ku Klux Klan was one of the more infamous of these groups.
 
3     In 1908, a deadly race riot occurred in Springfield, Illinois. Nearly 5,000 white citizens of the town stormed the jail. They demanded that the sheriff give up two black prisoners he had in custody. Violence erupted when they found that the sheriff had moved the prisoners to safety. Over the next two days, they destroyed businesses and homes in the city. They killed at least two innocent black men who happened to be in their way. Federal troops had to be called in to stop the rioting.
 
4     Black and white activists saw the need to combine their efforts. Sixty people met in February of 1908 in New York City. Only seven of these people were black. W.E.B. DuBois, Ida Wells-Barnett, and Mary Church Terrell were three of those seven. DuBois was a leader of a militant black group called the Niagara Movement. Prominent whites in the group were Mary White Ovington and Oswald Garrison Villard. Both of these people were from abolitionist families.
 
5     This group of sixty called itself the National Negro Committee. Its main goal was to make sure that all people, black or white, were able to enjoy the rights the Constitution promised them. The 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments guaranteed equal rights to all citizens. It didn't matter what color they were.

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Black History and Blacks in U.S. History
             Black History and Blacks in U.S. History


Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Theme Unit
             Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Theme Unit


United States
             United States


    American Government  
 
    Black History and Blacks in U.S. History  
 
    Children in History  
 
    Government Careers  
 
    Hispanic Heritage  
 
    How Can I Help?  
 
 
    Immigration  
 
    National Parks and Monuments  
 
    Native Americans  
 
    Presidents of the United States  
 
    Women's History  
 


United States History
    A Nation Divided
(1840-1861)
 
 
    A New Nation
(1776-1830)
 
 
    After the Civil War
(1865-1870)
 
 
    American Revolution  
 
    Cold War
(1947-1991)
 
 
    Colonial America (1492-1776)  
 
    Lewis and Clark
(1804-1806)
 
 
    Pearl Harbor  
 
    Spanish American War (1898)  
 
    The 1890's  
 
    The 1900's  
 
    The 1910's  
 
    The 1920's  
 
    The 1930's  
 
 
    The 1940's  
 
    The 1950's  
 
    The 1960's  
 
    The 1970's  
 
    The 1980's  
 
    The 1990's  
 
    The 2000's  
 
    The Civil War
(1861-1865)
 
 
    The Great Depression
(1929-1945)
 
 
    The United States Grows
(1865-1900)
 
 
    The War of 1812  
 
    Wild, Wild West  
 
    World War I
(1914-1918)
 
 
    World War II  
 


50 States

             Fifty States Theme Unit


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