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Black History and Blacks in U.S. History
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Theme Unit
National Urban League



National Urban League
Reading Level
     edHelper's suggested reading level:   grades 4 to 6
     Flesch-Kincaid grade level:   5.83

Vocabulary
     challenging words:    corrupt, economic, equality, ferguson, parity, self-reliance, uphold, widow, education, opening, committee, social, enable, fully, fairly, civil
     content words:    National Urban League, African Americans, New York City, Ruth Standish Baldwin, George Edmund Haynes, Black Migration, Supreme Court, These African Americans, New York, Urban League


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National Urban League
By Jane Runyon
  

1     Two groups have emerged as leaders in the black civil rights movement. One of these groups is the NAACP. The other is the National Urban League. Both groups were created about the same time. Both groups are very interested in making sure that African Americans are treated fairly.
 
2     A committee was formed in September of 1910. Its goal was to make sure living conditions for blacks in large cities were adequate. New York City was the perfect place for this committee to set up headquarters. Ruth Standish Baldwin and George Edmund Haynes were two of the key committee members. Mrs. Baldwin was a rich widow with a generous heart. Dr. Haynes was a social worker who wanted to use his knowledge and training to help other people.
 
3     Thousands of black Americans left the southern states and moved north in the early 1900's. This move was called the Black Migration. The U.S. Supreme Court chose to uphold the practice of "separate but equal" in the Plessy v. Ferguson decision. Many blacks could see that there was little hope there would ever be equality in the South. Their hope was to find job opportunities in the North. They were searching for a better life.

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