Native Americans
Seminoles - The People Who Never Gave Up

Seminoles - The People Who Never Gave Up
Reading Level
     edHelper's suggested reading level:   grades 4 to 6
     Flesch-Kincaid grade level:   6.79

     challenging words:    rift, tribal, maintain, refused, truce, runaway, mainly, meaning, costly, slave, cannonball, ponce, loss, poles, chief, attack
     content words:    Florida-the Tequesta, Black Seminoles, Revolutionary War, Some Georgia, General Gaines, Seminole War, Andrew Jackson, Northern Florida, United States, President Andrew Jackson

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Seminoles - The People Who Never Gave Up
By Mary Lynn Bushong

1     Ponce de Leon came to Florida with hopes of finding gold and the fountain of youth. Before he arrived, the land was already occupied. The Spaniards brought disease with them. Many of the native people of Florida—the Tequesta, Calusa, Apalachee, and Timucan—were soon almost wiped out.
2     The survivors joined with the Creeks and Yamasee who had moved south. Together they formed the Seminoles. No one knows for sure what their name means. Some think it is from the Spanish word for wild man. Others think it is from a Creek word meaning runaway. In some ways, both meanings work.
3     The Seminoles mainly used the language of the Creeks or Muskogee. They also set up their villages the same way. Each village would choose their own micco or chief. If this person did not lead well, the town would choose someone else.
4     The people gathered native fruits and vegetables but did little farming. They also hunted and fished for meat. Their homes were mainly poles supporting a thatched roof.
5     Seminoles had a reputation for doing their own thing. They refused to become involved in the Indian slave trade. They took runaway slaves into their villages. They even intermarried with them. Many of those became a tribal branch known as the Black Seminoles.

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