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Native Americans
Tuscarora and Yamasee Wars



Tuscarora and Yamasee Wars
Reading Level
     edHelper's suggested reading level:   grades 7 to 9
     Flesch-Kincaid grade level:   7.22

Vocabulary
     challenging words:    entice, inter-tribal, hostility, further, better, relationship, strife, unrest, warfare, overwhelm, treaty, refused, probable, raid, lasted, reclaim
     content words:    North Carolina, Thomas Cary, Edward Hyde, Chief Hancock, On September, South Carolina, Fort Barnwell, Iroquois Confederacy, New York State, Roanoke River


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Tuscarora and Yamasee Wars
By Mary Lynn Bushong
  

1     The Tuscarora were native to the coastal sections of what would be North Carolina. At first, they were friendly toward the colonists. They enjoyed fifty years of peace, but then within a handful of years that soured. They tired of being cheated at trade and having their lands stolen.
 
2     In 1711, the colony's governor changed, but the old governor (Thomas Cary) challenged the change. He refused to let Edward Hyde take over; the disagreement split the colony, which led to fighting among the colonists.
 
3     Then German and Swiss colonists built their new colony on what they thought was an abandoned village. It was not. The Tuscarora were given some money for the land and told to move. They were angry about having their land taken.
 
4     It was during this time of strife that Chief Hancock of the southern Tuscarora group made his move. On September 22, 1711, several small war parties descended the Neuse and Pamlico rivers. In just a few hours, at least 130 colonists were dead, while others were taken captive.
 
5     The colonists had ignored signs of unrest. They had no trained militia, no fortified places of safety, and no emergency rations. Even the colonial government was split and unable to take action to help the colonists.

Paragraphs 6 to 15:
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