Hudson Bay Furs
||edHelper's suggested reading level:
||grades 2 to 3
||Flesch-Kincaid grade level:
||beaver, lies, posts, theirs, settled, kinds, stayed, lived, trade, wool, woolen, charge, coast, goods, metal, sell
||Bay Company, Hudson Bay, New France, King Charles II, First Nations, Hudson Bay Company, North West Company
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Hudson Bay Furs
By Mary Lynn Bushong
The Hudson's Bay Company wanted furs. They went to Canada. They traded with the trappers.
What was it like for the fur trappers? Men could only trap fur when it was cold because the temperatures made the animals grow thick coats. There were many kinds of animals. Trappers wanted beaver most.
Beaver had very soft fur. People in Europe loved it.
At first, the French traded for it. French traders lived with the native people. They became friends.
Two French men learned that furs might be better in the far north. The men wanted to have a trading post on Hudson Bay. The man in charge of New France did not want to.
The two men got help in Boston. Then they went to England. They stayed for five years. They got what they wanted. They got a charter from King Charles II. It said that they could trade with First Nations people. What they wanted most was fur.
The English had found Hudson Bay first. They claimed it for themselves. They named their group the Hudson's Bay Company. Their charter said that most of Canada was theirs. It was called Rupert's Land.
The First Nations people traded furs. They got metal tools, woolen blankets, and guns for hunting. The tools made their lives easier. The furs made the Hudson Bay Company rich.Paragraphs 9 to 16:
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