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Middle Ages
Stone Carvers and Stained Glass Window Makers



Stone Carvers and Stained Glass Window Makers
Reading Level
     edHelper's suggested reading level:   grades 5 to 7
     Flesch-Kincaid grade level:   9.06

Vocabulary
     challenging words:    focal, pagan, provided, colored, cutting, spitting, tabletop, medieval, design, cathedral, daily, section, useful, master, artistic, unique


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Stone Carvers and Stained Glass Window Makers
By Sharon Fabian
  

1     The cathedral in a medieval town wasn't just a useful building. It was beautiful and inspiring. It made people look to the heavens and dream of something beyond the drudgery of their daily lives.
 
2     These beautiful buildings were created by stone masons and many other cathedral builders, but two groups of workers in particular were assigned the task of putting on the artistic finishing touches. These were the stone carvers and the stained glass window makers.
 
3     Stone carvers were the artisans who went beyond just cutting precise stone blocks for building. They made stone statues and relief carvings for medieval cathedrals. They made the grand carved panels known as tympanums that decorated the large space above the cathedral doors.
 
4     They also made the small stone statues, known as gargoyles and grotesques, that decorated the outside walls of cathedrals and served as water spouts. Gargoyles were small carved creatures that looked like they were spitting water. Grotesques were also small carved creatures that carried water away from the cathedral's walls, but the water ran off their back, or off the tip of their nose, instead of through their mouth.

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