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American Revolution
Ethan Allen and Fort Ticonderoga



Ethan Allen and Fort Ticonderoga
Reading Level
     edHelper's suggested reading level:   grades 4 to 6
     Flesch-Kincaid grade level:   5.65

Vocabulary
     challenging words:    yorkers, revolution, army, commander, colonial, shots, union, prison, settled, officer, section, attack, surrender, order, lead, such
     content words:    George Washington, Fort Ticonderoga, New York, Lake Champlain, Ethan Allen, Green Mountains, New Hampshire, Green Mountain Boys, Benedict Arnold, Mountain Boys


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Ethan Allen and Fort Ticonderoga
By Jane Runyon
  

1     The colonial army was not ready for war. They were outnumbered. They were under trained. They had fewer weapons. They had very few big weapons like cannons. After the first shots of the revolution were fired at Lexington and Concord, something needed to be done. Cannons would give the colonial soldiers more fire power. Leaders, such as George Washington, decided that the only way to get these cannons was to steal them from the British. Fort Ticonderoga was the first target they selected. Fort Ticonderoga was located in the northern part of New York on Lake Champlain. In order to take the fort and steal the cannons, a leader must be chosen who knew the territory. Ethan Allen was that man.
 
2     Ethan Allen was born in Connecticut. He was loud. He was rude. He liked to hear himself talk. It made many of the natives of the colony happy when he grew old enough to leave. He moved to the Green Mountains. He bought land from the governor of New Hampshire to start a farm. Soon after he got settled in, the king of England declared that the land could only be sold by the governor of New York. Anyone who had bought land from the governor of New Hampshire would have to pay for the land again or have it taken away. You can imagine that this did not make the settlers very happy. Ethan Allen and several other farmers organized a group called the Green Mountain Boys to fight for their land.
 
3     Ethan Allen gladly accepted a chance to fight against the British and the "Yorkers" from New York. He gathered his men together and came up with a plan to take Fort Ticonderoga and its cannons for the colonies. They first sent a farmer from the area into the fort. While pretending to look for someone to cut his hair, he took note of where the guards were located. He also spotted a weak section in the walls of the fort. He came back and reported his findings to Allen. A plan was devised and an attack set. Just as the group was ready to begin their mission, a full time colonel in the colonial army rode up and decided to take over. The colonel's name was Benedict Arnold. He and Ethan Allen did not see eye to eye on how the attack was to take place. Because they didn't have time to argue over who was right and who was wrong, they agreed to lead the attack together. In the very early morning, the Green Mountain Boys pushed their way into the weak spot in the walls screaming and yelling like Indians. It scared the guard so much he ran away. The group ran right to the quarters of the commanding officer demanding that he surrender. The commander hadn't even had time to put his clothes on. He stood in front of the attacking force holding his pants in his hand demanding to know who they thought they were to be making such a demand. Ethan Allen yelled at the top of his lungs, "In the name of the Great Jehovah (God) and the Continental Congress."

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