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The Civil War
(1861-1865)

Battle of Cold Harbor



Battle of Cold Harbor
Reading Level
     edHelper's suggested reading level:   grades 8 to 10
     Flesch-Kincaid grade level:   7.79

Vocabulary
     challenging words:    audacious, carbine, arsenal, determined, frontal, culminate, flank, better, stonewall, assault, beginning, exhaustion, overland, achieve, advance, fully
     content words:    Ulysses S., Civil War, General Robert E., Cold Harbor, Stonewall Jackson, General Jeb Stuart, General Longstreet, Generals Ewell, Even Lee


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Battle of Cold Harbor
By Mary Lynn Bushong
  

1     At the beginning of May in 1864, Ulysses S. Grant of the Union army began what he intended to be the last campaign of the Civil War. This was to culminate in the capture of Richmond, Virginia--the capital of the Confederacy. The only thing in his way was the Confederate army, led by the brilliant General Robert E. Lee.
 
2     Grant was not a great general himself, but his determination to win, no matter what the cost, made him better than all the generals who served before him. In his first two engagements with Lee, he was unable to achieve victory, but they were not total losses either. Since he was unable to break through the Confederate line, he was determined to go around it.
 
3     On May 31, 1864, the Union army took over the crossroads at Cold Harbor, Virginia. They began building shallow trenches in which to take cover when the two armies engaged. They carried the new carbine repeating rifles which had become an important part of their weapons arsenal.

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