edHelper.com
Transportation
Along Came the Engine (Part 1)



Along Came the Engine (Part 1)
Reading Level
     edHelper's suggested reading level:   grades 5 to 7
     Flesch-Kincaid grade level:   9.82

Vocabulary
     challenging words:    condenser, crank-flywheel, crankshaft, external-combustion, internal-combustion, redefine, rotary, atmospheric, mechanism, convert, greek, plunger, original, tremendous, piston, valve
     content words:    Englishmen Thomas Newcomen, John Cawley, James Watt, Industrial Revolution, In Part, Along Came


Print Along Came the Engine (Part 1)
     Print Along Came the Engine (Part 1)  (font options, pick words for additional puzzles, and more)


Quickly Print
     Quickly print reading comprehension


Proofreading Activity
     Print a proofreading activity


Feedback on Along Came the Engine (Part 1)
     Leave your feedback on Along Came the Engine (Part 1)  (use this link if you found an error in the story)



Along Came the Engine (Part 1)
By Trista L. Pollard
  

1     Horses, buggies, and carriages were the "ride" of choice for hundreds of years. Then along came the engine and modern transportation was born. Engines use different forms of energy to produce mechanical motion in machines. If it wasn't for the invention of the engine, we would not have the types of automobiles, trucks, airplanes, and space shuttles we have today.
 
2     Engines are grouped into two categories: external-combustion and internal-combustion. External-combustion engines burn fuel outside of the engine, and produce hot fluid that powers the engine. Steam engines are part of this category. Let's explore one of the most innovative engines in science history.
 
3     Steam engines use steam to convert heat energy into mechanical energy. This steam is known as the "working fluid" in the engine. The engine uses water which is stored in a boiler. A boiler is a closed vessel or series of tubes that has a heat source and uses that source along with water to produce steam. Once in the boiler, the water is converted to steam. As the water expands, its volume increases (it takes up more space). This increase in volume produces force, and this force moves a piston that is located in a cylinder. Think of a piston as a plunger. It is a cylindrical part that fits tightly and moves within another cylinder. This piston, when the force from the steam is applied, moves back and forth or reciprocates. The steam enters one end of the cylinder and pushes the piston to the other end. The piston is attached to a rod which is connected to a crankshaft. A crankshaft is a lever that is attached to a shaft or rod. As the piston is moved, the crankshaft converts the piston's back-and-forth motion to a rotary or circular motion for driving machinery. Afterwards, steam enters through a valve or opening at the other end of the cylinder and pushes the piston back to its starting position. The steam then leaves through an exhaust valve. Now that the piston is back in its original position, the cycle starts all over again.

Paragraphs 4 to 6:
For the complete story with questions: click here for printable



Weekly Reading Books

          Create Weekly Reading Books

Prepare for an entire week at once!


Transportation
             Transportation


More Activities, Lesson Plans, and Worksheets


Back to School
Graphic Organizers
Alphabet Worksheets
Sight Words
Math Worksheets
Mazes
50 States
Education
Teaching

Monthly Themes
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December

Fractions
Place Value
Time and Calendar
Money
Earth Day
Solar System
Analogies
Nouns
Following Directions
Listening
Capitalization
Cursive Writing
Patterns and Sequencing
Dinosaurs
All About Me

Kindergarten
First Grade
Second Grade
Third Grade
Fourth Grade
Fifth Grade
Sixth Grade

Multiplication
Division
Main Idea
Cause and Effect
Measurement
Decimals
Rounding
Order of Operations
Verbs
Community Helpers
Adjectives
Plants
Grammar
Addition and Subtraction
Contractions
Bulletin Board Ideas
Word Searches
Crossword Puzzles
Printable Puzzles

Reading Comprehension
Reading Skills
English Language Arts





Copyright © 2013 edHelper