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Earth Movers - Glaciers



Earth Movers - Glaciers
Reading Level
     edHelper's suggested reading level:   high interest, readability grades 5 to 7
     Flesch-Kincaid grade level:   4.4

Vocabulary
     challenging words:    recrystallizes, continental, latitude, hemisphere, bedrock, sediment, mini, depression, mass, landscape, erosion, press, earth, form, cause, northern
     content words:    Great Lakes


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Earth Movers - Glaciers
By Patti Hutchison
  

1     Have you ever made a snowball with your hands? You pick up some snow and press it together in you hands. It quickly freezes into ice. If you have done this, you have made a "mini" glacier.
 
2     Real glaciers, of course, are much, much larger. But they are formed in the same way. Glaciers are mostly found in areas of high latitude or high elevation. These places have cold temperatures all year. Snow falls and never completely melts. The weight of the snow on top causes pressure on the layers of snow beneath. The snow underneath recrystallizes into ice.
 
3     Glaciers cover about ten percent of the earth today. Even at the peak of the last ice age, only about thirty percent of the earth was covered. But glaciers made their mark in much of the northern hemisphere.
 
4     There are two types of glaciers - continental glaciers and valley glaciers. Continental glaciers cover huge areas. As you can guess, they can be as big as continents. They are thickest in the middle. The pressure in the middle causes the glacier to spread out and cover large areas. Today these glaciers cover Antarctica and parts of Greenland and Canada.

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