||edHelper's suggested reading level:
||grades 5 to 6
||Flesch-Kincaid grade level:
||alleged, cover-up, nonhuman, spaceship, unexplained, experimental, on-going, controversy, investigation, throughout, original, coerce, investigators, incident, secrecy, military
||New Mexico, Eastern New Mexico State University, Roswell Museum, Art Center, Bottomless Lakes State Park, Bitter Lake National Wildlife Refuge, International UFO Museum, Research Center, In July, Mac Brazel
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Feedback on Roswell
By Jennifer Kenny
1 Do you believe in UFOs? Throughout history, there have been many reports of UFOs, or unidentified flying objects. Many of them have been hoaxes or misunderstandings. However, a handful of them to this day remain unexplained. One of the biggest and strangest incidents involves an alleged crash in Roswell, New Mexico.
2 Roswell is located in the southeastern part of New Mexico, a little over 200 miles southeast of Albuquerque. It is mainly a trading, processing, and shipping area for cotton, alfalfa, grains, and livestock. It was settled in the late 1860s. It had good irrigation and springs for watering cattle. In 1894, the railroad arrived. Roswell became incorporated as a city in 1903. Eastern New Mexico State University has a branch in Roswell. There's the Roswell Museum and Art Center, which contains many of Robert Goddard's experimental rockets. Nearby, the Bottomless Lakes State Park and the Bitter Lake National Wildlife Refuge can be seen. Today in Roswell, there's the International UFO Museum and Research Center. You may be wondering how the city became home to such a unique museum.
3 Well, Roswell, New Mexico, is probably best known for an incident in the summer of 1947. In July 1947, Roswell had experienced intense thunderstorms. A rancher named Mac Brazel went to check on his sheep following the storms. He discovered unusual metal debris on the land he was tending just north of the city. He felt the debris possessed some strange physical properties. Unsure what it was, he showed it to his neighbors. They urged him to contact the sheriff, George Wilcox. The sheriff contacted the Roswell Army Air Field, which began an official investigation. The commanding officer was Colonel Blanchard, and Major Jesse Marcel and Captain Sheridan Cavitt were the intelligence officers. Based on the officers' report, the area was closed off. The debris was removed and sent to Wright Field in Dayton, Ohio. On July 8, 1947, the first press release from the army said the debris was material from a flying disk or a flying saucer. Today people refer to it as a UFO, a spaceship from another planet. The release made the headlines of 30 papers that very afternoon. Phone lines to New Mexico and to the Pentagon became jammed.
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