||edHelper's suggested reading level:
||grades 6 to 7
||Flesch-Kincaid grade level:
||seamanship, flagship, lieutenant, breakthrough, ranks, cede, incident, patron, navigation, london, seaport, existence, successful, entire, survey, officer
||George Vancouver, James Cook, Northwest Passage, Commodore Gardner, North America, Vancouver Island, New Zealand, Spanish Commissioner, Juan Francisco, Bodega Quadra
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By Mary Lynn Bushong
1 Have you ever seen surveyors at work with their transits and stakes? It might look like a funny job, but without their efforts our maps would not be accurate. This was especially important for new lands. One of the greatest surveyors of his time was George Vancouver.
2 Vancouver was born in the busy seaport of King's Lynn, in Norfolk, England, on June 22, 1757. There were seamen on both sides of the family, so it was no surprise when he wanted to join their ranks at age 15.
3 His first ship was the Resolution captained by James Cook. On it he would be trained in seamanship, navigation, and even surveying. It was Cook's second voyage, and they were off to confirm the existence of Antarctica.
4 Vancouver proved himself to be an able student and was invited to take part in Cook's third and final voyage. They were going to look for the elusive Northwest Passage.
5 By the time they returned, Vancouver had eight years of sea experience and was promoted to lieutenant. The next five years were spent in the King's navy, the last part of which was aboard the flagship of Commodore Gardner. Gardner became both a friend and patron to the young officer.
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