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Lower Canada



Lower Canada
Reading Level
     edHelper's suggested reading level:   grades 6 to 7
     Flesch-Kincaid grade level:   7.08

Vocabulary
     challenging words:    lucrative, sovereign, policies, westerly, immigration, military, republic, metis, tended, civil, exploration, general, unwelcome, wealth, lasted, council
     content words:    Grand Banks, Lawrence River, One Hundred Associates, Seven Years War, Great Lakes, Royal Proclamation, Three Rivers, Quebec Act, French Canadiens, Roman Catholic Church


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Lower Canada
By Mary Lynn Bushong
  

1     Five hundred years after the Vikings came to Canada, fishermen from France discovered the Grand Banks. They found a wealth of fish, like cod. Then they discovered the furs offered for trade by the native people.
 
2     Soon the potential for lucrative trade was seen by others. By 1524, larger ships began coming to the areas around the mouth of the St. Lawrence River. The natives learned enough of the French language to trade. Ships came early in the summer and left in the fall. Trade for furs became fierce.
 
3     Samuel de Champlain explored the St. Lawrence River starting in 1603. He was awarded lands and was looking to choose the location. In 1608, he began the first permanent French settlement and trading post at a place called Kebec.
 
4     The population was slow to grow. Exploration and the fur trade were more important to the managing company than settlement. The Company of One Hundred Associates did not manage well. They looked after things for about 40 years and were removed from control by the French king in 1663. Instead he made Quebec a province of France.
 
5     The crown encouraged more immigration, and the colony's population finally began to grow. Many of the French traders lived far from settlements. They chose to marry native women. Their children were called metis [MAY-tee] which meant mixed.

Paragraphs 6 to 13:
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