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A History of How Connecticut Became a State



A History of How Connecticut Became a State
Reading Level
     edHelper's suggested reading level:   grades 4 to 6
     Flesch-Kincaid grade level:   9.44

Vocabulary
     challenging words:    status, militia, relationship, command, dutch, equally, legend, natural, tribe, defeat, banks, supplies, beginning, remain, agreement, however
     content words:    Native Americans, Connecticut River, Long Island Sound, Mohegan Native Americans, Pequot Native Americans, Thomas Hooker, John Haynes, Roger Ludlow, Fundamental Orders, King Charles II


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A History of How Connecticut Became a State
By Bridget Corcoran
  

1     The Native Americans who lived on the land we now call Connecticut named the area "Quinatucquet" which means "along the long, tidal river." The Connecticut River is a natural boundary that divides the state in half. The 360-mile river runs from Maine to Long Island Sound. The Native Americans made many trails in order to allow them to travel between villages to trade. These trails are still marked today.
 
2     Dutch traders were the first Europeans to explore Connecticut around 1614. In 1633, they bought land from the Pequot tribe and created the first Connecticut settlement near Hartford. Over time, Massachusetts settlers also began to travel south and settle permanently, buying land from the Mohegan Native Americans. By 1637, the Pequot Native Americans became angry with the settlers moving into the area of their villages, so they tried to take back the land. The settlers were able to defeat the Pequots, and the settlements continued to grow.
 
3     In the next few years, three men, Thomas Hooker, John Haynes, and Roger Ludlow, worked together to write a document called "The Fundamental Orders of Connecticut." This document was a list of ideas and laws that the settlers considered the beginning of the government of their colony. At the time this document was accepted, the first governor, John Haynes, was chosen.

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