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An Early New Jersey Timeline


An Early New Jersey Timeline
Reading Level
     edHelper's suggested reading level:   grades 4 to 6
     Flesch-Kincaid grade level:   7.11

Vocabulary
     challenging words:    religion, settled, army, hearing, people, order, separate, exchange, divide, western, captain, goods, become, independence, treatment, angry
     content words:    New Jersey, Lenni Lanape Indians, Henry Hudson, Lenape Indians, New Netherlands, New York, Fort Nassau, Michael Pauw, John Cabot, North American


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An Early New Jersey Timeline
By Kathy Trusty
  

1     The first people to live in New Jersey were the Lenni Lanape Indians. They were also the first farmers in New Jersey.
 
2     In 1609 a European explorer named Henry Hudson sailed to America. He arrived in southern New Jersey in August. When he arrived, he met some of the Lenape Indians. Hudson invited the Lenapes on his ship. When the Lanapes came, they brought knives and beads for Hudson and his crew.
 
3     Henry Hudson was an English ship captain, but he sailed for the country of Holland. Holland was also called The Netherlands. Holland used Hudson's voyage to claim land in America. They called the land the colony of New Netherlands. New Netherlands included parts of New York and New Jersey. The people from Holland and the Netherlands are called the Dutch. After hearing about Hudson's voyage, the Dutch believed that they could become rich by trading with the Indians.
 
4     In 1624 the first Dutch settlement was started on the New Jersey side of the New Netherlands colony. Two years later the Dutch set up a trading post there so that they could trade goods with the Indians. They called the trading post Fort Nassau.
 
5     It was very hard to live in the new colony, and not many people wanted to settle there. In order for the colony to grow, the Dutch knew that they needed to get more people to work on the land. In 1629 they came up with a plan called the patroon system. Under this system a person was given a large piece of land called a patroonship. The person owning the land was called a patroon. In exchange for the land, the patroon promised to bring 50 settlers to the New Netherlands colony.

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