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Moving the Cape Hatteras Lighthouse


Moving the Cape Hatteras Lighthouse
Reading Level
     edHelper's suggested reading level:   grades 3 to 4
     Flesch-Kincaid grade level:   7.31

Vocabulary
     challenging words:    erosion, nourishment, spite, hurricane, pounding, powerful, journey, however, historical, batter, several, against, necessary, guide, beach, soil
     content words:    Cape Hatteras Lighthouse, Cape Hatteras, North Carolina, United States, Coast Guard, Mother Nature, Atlantic Ocean, National Park Service, On June, Hatteras Lighthouse


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Moving the Cape Hatteras Lighthouse
By Crystal Morton
  

1     The Cape Hatteras Lighthouse was built in 1870 to help guide mariners around the turbulent waters of Cape Hatteras, known as the Graveyard of the Atlantic. The lighthouse has become a symbol of North Carolina and is well-known throughout the United States. Over time, erosion (the wearing away of sand, rock, and soil by wind, water, or ice) has caused most of the seashore on which the lighthouse stood to be washed away.
 
2     Since the 1930s, efforts have been made to protect the lighthouse. In the 1960s and 1970s, beach nourishment, or replacing sand that has been washed away, was attempted. In addition, the Coast Guard built several groins (walls of stone built perpendicular to the shore) to help protect the landmark. In spite of human intervention, Mother Nature had her way, sending powerful hurricanes and pounding nor'easters (winter storms that batter the shore, much like a hurricane) again and again. By the 1980s, the lighthouse was only 120 feet from the Atlantic Ocean.

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