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All About Apples: A Brief History of Apples



All About Apples: A Brief History of Apples
Reading Level
     edHelper's suggested reading level:   grades 5 to 7
     Flesch-Kincaid grade level:   7.03

Vocabulary
     challenging words:    aeppel, apple-growing, cicero, juicer, pome, pomum, scion, Stinson, gravitation, homesteaders, unmarried, statesman, origin, temptation, encyclopedia, proposal
     content words:    In Greek, Mother Earth, Roman Empires, Sir Isaac Newton, Old English, When William Tell, Massachusetts Bay Colony, John Chapman, Johnny Appleseed, Pacific Northwest


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All About Apples: A Brief History of Apples
By Joyce Furstenau
  

1     Apples are a yummy treat, but how much do you really know about apples? The apple gets its name from the Latin word pomum, meaning fruit in English. It is classified as a pome, which is a fruit that has many tiny seeds within a core at the center.
 
2     Wild apples, often called crab apples, have existed for thousands of years. These wild apples were small, rather sour apples full of seeds. People have worked to improve the apple's taste since its discovery. Apples have been associated with love, beauty, luck, health, comfort, pleasure, wisdom, and temptation. In Greek mythology, Mother Earth gave a tree with golden apples to Zeus and his bride Hera on their wedding day. The apple tree was guarded in the garden of Hesrperides by a serpent that never slept.
 
3     The actual origin of the apple is unclear. Historians believe apples were first planted and grown as a crop in southwest and central Asia. A tablet was found in northern Mesopotamia in 1500 B.C. that recorded the sale of an apple orchard for the price of three prized sheep. Historians believe it was the early Romans who learned how to cultivate apples. Cultivation is the planting of seeds or roots to grow a crop. Farmers began learning how to grow sweeter, juicer, and firmer apples during the Greek and Roman Empires.
 
4     Cicero urged his Roman countrymen in 50 B.C. to save their apple seeds from their desserts for planting. In 79 A.D., Roman statesman Pliny the Elder recorded more than twenty varieties of apples in his natural history encyclopedia. Greek physicians recommended sweet apples with meals as aids to digestion in 200 A.D.

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