A New Nation

The Oregon Trail

The Oregon Trail
Reading Level
     edHelper's suggested reading level:   high interest, readability grades 4 to 5
     Flesch-Kincaid grade level:   4.34

     challenging words:    killers, unlivable, travelers, cholera, heading, entire, livestock, settled, blister, journey, longest, boring, traveled, rough, grease, grave
     content words:    Oregon Trail, Native Americans, United States

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The Oregon Trail
By Cathy Pearl

1     The sun hasn't come up yet, but you are already up and working. After a breakfast of coffee, bacon, and dry bread, you help your family pack the wagon. By seven in the morning, you are walking again. It is another day almost the same as yesterday. You are heading West on the Oregon Trail.
2     The trip is boring, tiring, and dangerous. Most of the travelers will walk the entire way. On one day, most wagon trains will go about fifteen miles. The trip will take at least four months. The people that make the trip in five months or less do very well. Taking longer than that can be dangerous. There was a chance that the wagon train would get stuck in snow in the mountains.
3     Covered wagons were what most people took on the trail. The wagon was usually about eleven feet long and four feet wide. The inside of the wagon was about two feet deep. The covered part of the wagon was five feet above the wagon bed. The wagons were very rough to ride in. They also didn't have a lot of room for people. That was why anyone that could walk did.
4     People also didn't ride in the wagons because they wanted less weight for the oxen to pull. Even with less weight, many oxen would die. Some of them were too tired to go any farther. Others would die of thirst. One man who traveled on the trail wrote home about the number of dead oxen that he had seen. He said that it was hard to find a place to camp because of all the dead animals.
5     Leaving behind favorite things was also something people on the trail had to face. Heirlooms and wedding gifts were left behind. As the oxen became more and more tired, more items were taken out of the wagons. Trails that were harder to travel on were littered with stuff.

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