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National Parks and Monuments
Carlsbad Caverns National Park



Carlsbad Caverns National Park

A Short Reader

Reading Level
     edHelper's suggested reading level:   grades 4 to 6
     Flesch-Kincaid grade level:   4.83

Vocabulary
     challenging words:    mid-fall, mid-spring, sulfuric, finding, erosion, natural, harmless, teen, photo, acid, attack, caption, background, beauty, bats, surface
     content words:    Ansel Adams, Big Room, New Mexico, Guadalupe Mountains, Chihuahuan Desert, Carlsbad Caverns National Park, Native Americans, Carlsbad Cavern, Jim White, Bat Flight


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Other Languages
     Spanish: El Parque Nacional de las Cavernas de Carlsbad


Carlsbad Caverns National Park
By Meg Leonard
  

1     Caption: photo by Ansel Adams, c. 1941, "The Rock of Ages in the Big Room," two people in background.
 
2     There is a large, famous cave system in New Mexico. Over 300 known caves are below the surface. This system is found in the Guadalupe Mountains. It is in the Chihuahuan Desert. One hundred thirteen of these caves are protected by a national park. The name of the park is Carlsbad Caverns National Park.
 
3     Native Americans knew of these caves for many years. Many others claim to have found the entrance to the caves. One young man usually gets credit for finding the entrance to Carlsbad Cavern. His name was Jim White. He explored it as a teen in 1898. He was a cowboy. He spent ten years describing the cave to people. He didn't have any proof of the cave's beauty. It was difficult to get people to appreciate the caves found here. Finally, some photographs were taken. More people explored Carlsbad Cavern. The cave was recognized as something special. It became a national park in 1930.

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