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Mexican Independence Day



Mexican Independence Day
Reading Level
     edHelper's suggested reading level:   grades 7 to 8
     Flesch-Kincaid grade level:   8.34

Vocabulary
     challenging words:    revelers, astride, best, photography, merciless, grito, guayabas, Mexicanos, nieta, ponche, rapt, tienda, work-worn, revolt, Nueva, better
     content words:    Elena Saucedo, Mexican Independence Day, Margarita García, Little Lupita, Independence Day, Great Britain, Nueva España, Napoleon Bonaparte, American Revolutionary War, Father Hidalgo


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Mexican Independence Day
By Brenda B. Covert
  

1     The Saucedos [saw-SAY-dohs] missed their hometown and old friends. However, their move to the U.S.A. represented their resolve to hope and even struggle for a better future. Because many Latinos had settled in the same area, they could continue some of their favorite Mexican traditions. It was the next best thing to being there!
 
2     One afternoon in early September, Elena Saucedo came home from the tienda with a bag of groceries and a flyer. After setting the bag on the kitchen counter, she turned to her mother and her young daughter and said, "There is going to be a Mexican Independence Day parade in town! Look at this!"
 
3     She showed them the bright orange flyer. Her mother, Margarita García, put a work-worn hand to her face as she read the notice, which had been printed in Spanish. Little Lupita wanted to see, too, and pointed at the graphics of flags, balloons, and sombreros.
 
4     Both Mexicans and Mexican-Americans celebrate Mexican Independence Day each year on September 16. Much like our Fourth of July, this is the biggest day of the year for Mexico. Mexicans celebrate the spirit of freedom and revolution that won them independence from the 300-year, colonial rule of Spain in the 1800's, just as Americans celebrate the spirit of bravery and courage that propelled the colonists to a tax revolt and a war against Great Britain.
 
5     Life was difficult under Spanish rule. Citizens of "Nueva España" were mistreated and exposed to harsh conditions. They endured epidemics that wiped out many people and a merciless workload that finished off even more of the population. In the early 1800's when Napoleon Bonaparte declared his brother Joseph the king of Spain and sent him to Mexico, the natives of Mexico decided the time was ripe for revolt. Encouraged by the message of freedom spread by French philosophers and also the results of the American Revolutionary War, they made plans to go to war.

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