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Mongolia - History (Grades 6-8)



Mongolia - History (Grades 6-8)
Reading Level
     edHelper's suggested reading level:   grades 6 to 8
     Flesch-Kincaid grade level:   8.93

Vocabulary
     challenging words:    godlike, infighting, mid-14th, ruling, yurt, communist, dating, herders, dynasty, finding, gers, toll, leadership, corrupt, greatly, modern-day
     content words:    Genghis Khan, Mongolian Empire, Caspian Sea, Kublai Khan, Russian Bolsheviks, Soviet Union, But Mongolia


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Mongolia - History
By Ekaterina Zhdanova-Redman
  

1     Mongolia is one of the oldest countries on earth, and at one time, the largest. Although modern day Mongolia is a relatively small, weak, and poor country, Mongolia was one of the greatest forces in human history.
 
2     The history of Mongolian life dates back millions of years. Some of the most important discoveries of dinosaur artifacts have been made in modern-day Mongolia. In fact, more than 60 different kinds of dinosaurs have been discovered in Mongolia's "dinosaur graveyards." Human remains dating back 500,000 years have also been discovered in Mongolia.
 
3     These ancient Mongolians were most likely farmers and animal herders. Most were nomadic, meaning they moved around a lot. To do this, their house and belongings had to be portable; hence, the development of the "ger" or "yurt." These round houses were easy to set up and break down. Many were covered in animal skins. In fact, some people in Mongolia--including in its capital of Ulaanbaatar--still live in gers to this day.
 
4     Until the late 12th century, Mongolia was a land of very disconnected tribes. It was in the late 12th century that a young man of just 20 years old managed to unite most of the Mongol tribes. His name was Temujin, but he would become famous with a different name. The Mongols, happy to be under Temujin's rule, gave him the title of Genghis Khan, meaning "universal king." Genghis Khan would grow to become one of the most powerful--and most misunderstood--rulers in human history.
 
5     Under Genghis Khan's rule, the Mongolian Empire grew to include most of China and parts of Asia. How did Genghis Khan do it? First, he organized vast armies on Mongolia's famed horses. He led these armies to conquer new lands for the Mongolian Empire. Secondly, he wasn't terribly kind about how his armies conquered new lands. Genghis Khan's armies quickly gained the reputation of being brutal warmongers.

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