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Vietnam - History (Grades 6-9)



Vietnam - History (Grades 6-9)
Reading Level
     edHelper's suggested reading level:   grades 6 to 9
     Flesch-Kincaid grade level:   8.23

Vocabulary
     challenging words:    adversity, iron-tipped, mid-1960s, pro-French, ruling, communism, Archeologists, rebellion, society, modern-day, unity, military, triumph, resistance, irrigate, warning
     content words:    Chinese Han Dynasty, Trung Trac, Trung Nhi, Cong Uan, Thai To, Dai La, Bach Dang River, Tay Son, Nguyen Hue, Nguyen Ai Quoc


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Vietnam - History
By Ekaterina Zhdanova-Redman
  

1     Vietnam's history is a story about strength in the face of adversity. For almost as long as there have been people in Vietnam, they have been fighting for independence. And through this history of struggle for independence, Vietnam and the Vietnamese people have grown into great strength.
 
2     Archeologists believe that human life existed in the area of Vietnam as much as 300,000-500,000 years ago. But the only evidence of a Vietnamese culture dates back to 2000 to 1400 BC. It was during this time that Vietnamese people settled around the Ma and Red rivers. They learned to irrigate fields for rice growing. Vietnamese culture and society grew under native Vietnamese leaders for more than 1,000 years, until the country was taken over by their neighbors, the Chinese.
 
3     The Chinese Han Dynasty was fairly strict with the Vietnamese. The Chinese set up a Vietnamese government that tried to force new rules on Vietnamese life. One of the new rules regarded marriage. It tried to make women less important than men. This and other Chinese rules didn't sit well with the Vietnamese, so there were many revolts during China's 1,000-year rule of Vietnam.
 
4     One of the most famous revolts involved two Vietnamese sisters. The Chinese had executed one of the sisters' husbands. The sisters, named Trung Trac and Trung Nhi, chose to drown themselves rather than be ruled by the Chinese. The Trung sisters are heroes even today in Vietnam, and represent the importance of women in Vietnamese society.
 
5     After a thousand years of fighting Chinese rule, Vietnam gained its independence in the 10th century AD. An orphan named Ly Cong Uan became ruler of Vietnam in 1009. He changed his name to Ly Thai To and established a capital city in Dai La, which is modern-day Hanoi. This began more than 200 years of Ly rule.

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