Sample Canada--History (Grades 6-8) Worksheet
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By Ekaterina Zhdanova-Redman
1 The Indians and Eskimos, or Inuits, lived in what is now Canada long before the first Europeans reached the country. Now referred to as the First Nations, they are still the most populous group in the Northwest Territory and much of the Yukon. These people are descendants of the very first Canadians who came there more than 15,000 years ago.
2 Where the Bering Strait separates Asia and North America, there was once a narrow land bridge connecting the two continents. Asian nomads probably found a way across that bridge onto the North American continent. They and their descendants spent many centuries migrating south and east, hunting and fishing. Those first people were Canada's only inhabitants until the tenth century AD, when the Vikings, the first European visitors, had tried to settle in northern Newfoundland.
3 By the time subsequent Europeans arrived, Canada's Indian tribes had already developed a multitude of languages, customs, religious beliefs, trading patterns, arts and crafts, laws and governments. The one characteristic that practically all those groups shared was that they were self-governing and politically independent.
4 Although a number of European countries were interested in establishing settlements in the Americas, it was French explorer Jacques Cartier, who made the first claim on the area surrounding the Saint Lawrence River in 1534. Another French explorer, Samuel de Champlain, further explored the valley of the Saint Lawrence River looking for better settlements, and founded Quebec City in early 1608. Between 1608 and 1656, about 10,000 French settlers arrived in Canada. They became the ancestors of most of the French Canadians of today.
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