____, nicknamed "the Sage of Monticello, was the 3rd President of the United States and the first president to be inaugurated in Washington, D. C. Trained as a surveyor, ____ served his country throughout his life. In the spring of 1775 the Virginia House of Burgesses appointed him as their representative to the Second Continental Congress. Although he seldom spoke, his talent for writing resolutions was soon evident. He was appointed to a committee to write a formal statement of why it was necessary for the colonies to separate from Great Britain. By the next day he had written a large part of the Declaration of Independence, including its famous opening passage: "We hold these truths to be self evident; that all men are created equal..." Elected to the presidency in 1800, ____ was no fan of a strong federal government. He believed that political power should belong to the states. He began his term by dismantling as much as he could of the Federal government, abolishing the Army and Navy, and doing away with federal taxation. He also eliminated most of the new country's debt. The major accomplishment of his first term of office was the purchase of the Louisiana Territory from France for 15 million dollars. During his second term, the Napoleonic Wars prompted him to issue the Embargo Act, closing all American ports to foreign imports and American exports. To enforce the embargo, he had to use the federal powers that he had so long opposed. By the end of his second term, he was tired and ready to return to his home in Virginia.
Although he wrote the words, "We hold these truths to be self evident; that all men are created equal . . ." he was himself a slave owner.
He wrote most of the Declaration of Independence.
He and John Adams, the only presidents to sign the Declaration of Independence, died on its 50th anniversary, July 4, 1826.
The Embargo Act forced him to use the federal powers that he had opposed.
This president once said "How much pain have cost us the evils which have never happened!"
Who is this president?
John Adams Chester A. Arthur Thomas Jefferson George Bush James Madison James Monroe