____, the fourth president of the United States, is credited with having more influence in writing, ratifying, and interpreting the United States Constitution than any other member of his generation. The Virginia representation to the continental Congress, ____ saw the need for a more powerful central government. When the Constitutional Convention of 1787 first met, ____ was ready with the Virginia Plan. The Virginia Plan called for a national government with executive, judiciary, and legislative branches. ____ believed that the national government would be powerful because its powers were carefully defined. Most powers would be left to the states. After the Constitution was ratified, ____ sponsored the Bill of Rights as one of the first actions of Congress under the new Constitution. ____ spent the rest of his life in government at the national level, serving eight years each in the House of Representatives, as Secretary of State under President Jefferson, and as President of the United States. As Secretary of State he led the negotiations to purchase the Louisiana Territory and supported naval action against the Barbary pirates. ____'s presidency was plagued by disputes with France, Great Britain and Spain. War was declared on England after English ships continued to attack U.S. ships headed to France. In 1814, the British captured and burned the city of Washington. The Treaty of Ghent ended the War of 1812 and President ____ withdrew Jefferson's disastrous Embargo Act and opened trade with most European nations. After serving two terms as president, ____ helped President Monroe with foreign policy and assisted Virginia with its constitutional convention. He also helped Jefferson found the University of Virginia. He died at the age of 85, the last member of the Founding generation. He asked to be judged by his allegiance to the Constitution.
He supported naval action against the Barbary pirates.
Indiana became the 19th state during his presidential term.
"The Star-Spangled Banner" was written during his presidency.
He has been called the "Father of the United States Constitution."
This president once said "In Europe, charters of liberty have been granted by power. America has set the example, and France has followed it, of charters of power granted by liberty."
Who is this president?
James Madison John Quincy Adams James Monroe William Henry Harrison Thomas Jefferson George Bush