Women's History Theme
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Who is this woman?   

____ is one of the most well-known and strongest female political leaders of the 20th century. ____ was born in Allahabad, India in 1917, into a political family. She was the only child of Jawaharlal Nehru, who later became prime minister of India, and Kamala Nehru. Perhaps because of her parents' involvement in Indian politics, ____ sought a political life very early on.

At the age of 13, ____ founded a children's political organization and became a member of Vanas Sena, a group for children who supported India's freedom from British rule. Despite her and her parents' strong love for India, she was sent to England to attend college at Oxford University. She continued her fight for Indian independence while in England, joining the Indian National Congress Party.

____ returned to India where she joined, and was later elected, president of the National Congress Party -- a little more than a decade after her father had been elected prime minister of India. Several years after she joined the party, she was arrested by the British and put in prison for 13 months. During that same year, 1942, she married Feroze ____. They had two children together.

During her father's term as Prime Minister, ____ served in many political organizations, most of which supported rights for workers, children and poor people. ____ became a strong voice for underprivileged Indians. When her father died in 1964, she was elected to Indian Parliament, where she stayed until 1966, when she was elected prime minister. Her election followed a nationwide tour in which she gained the love and support of millions of working-class Indians. In 1971, she won reelection by an overwhelming majority of votes.

Her rule as prime minister was full of hard times both for the people and the government of India. She saw India through a war with Pakistan over disputed territory, which gave India many economic problems. In 1975, during the worst of India's economy, there were riots all across India, and ____ responded by imposing emergency rule and imprisoning thousands of political opponents.

____ lost much of her popularity and was voted out of office in 1977. She left the National Congress Party and became leader of the India National Congress. Again after touring all over India and winning the support of Indians, she was reelected prime minister in 1980.

____ continued her heavy-handed policies in her second term as prime minister. In 1984, she sent government troops to control fights among members of a religious group called Sikhs. The troops destroyed one of the Sikhs' places of worship, the Golden Temple of Amristar. Shortly after, two of ____'s Sikh bodyguards assassinated her in the garden of her home. Her son, Rajiv, was immediately sworn in as prime minister, continuing what had become a strong family tie to the government of India.

She supported rights for children, workers, and poor people.

After her return to India, she was elected president of the National Congress Party.

She served as her father's hostess after her mother died.

During her time as Prime Minister India fought a war with Pakistan.

Who is this woman?
     Maya Lin
     Mary Lou Retton
     Elizabeth Blackwell
     Indira Gandhi
     Golda Meir
     Mary Cassatt

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