Worksheets and No Prep Teaching Resources Reading Comprehension Worksheets Geography The World in Your Hands Geography

Vocabulary
 challenging words: prime, everyday, hemisphere, measurement, axis, equator, finding, meridian, however, below, lines, return, sphere, above, correct, straight content words: North Pole, South Pole

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 The World in Your Hands By Trista L. Pollard

1     You see it every day. It sits on the shelf or by the window in your classroom. Do you ever wonder why it's there? Well, the globe in your classroom lets you see our world more closely. It allows you to have our world in your hands.

2     Globes are a scale or smaller model of the Earth. They are more accurate or correct copies of our planet than paper maps. Why? Globes show the Earth as it would look from space. You get to see the curved or round surfaces. You also see that the Earth is tilted or slanted to one side. When you look at a globe, you may notice how it turns on its axis. With a globe, that axis is a thin pole that goes through the center of the globe. With our planet, the axis is an imaginary pole.

3     A globe is not flat like a map. It is a three-dimensional model. The globe spins on its axis. The axis runs through the poles. The poles are the points on Earth that are on the Earth's axis. They are also some of the coldest places on Earth. On a globe, you can see two very important lines. They are the equator and the prime meridian. Remember, these two lines are not drawn on Earth. However, geographers and navigators use these lines to help them study the Earth. One of the main ways that Earth is measured is by using degrees. Degrees are units of measurement that are part of a circle. A complete circle has 360° (degrees). Since the Earth is a sphere or three-dimensional circle, you travel 360° if you go completely around the Earth. Geographers use the equator and the prime meridian as the starting points for finding locations on Earth. The equator measures 0° latitude. (Lines of latitude run east and west around the Earth.) The prime meridian measures 0° longitude. (Lines of longitude run north and south around the Earth.)

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