Worksheets and No Prep Teaching Resources Geography World on a Window Sill, Part 1

World on a Window Sill, Part 1

Vocabulary
 challenging words: thematic, capitals, atlas, latitude, landforms, sphere, lines, clearly, view, case, physical, between, planet, difference, accurate, east content words: South America, North America, Northern Hemisphere, Southern Hemisphere, North Pole, South Pole, Prime Meridian, Eastern Hemisphere, Western Hemisphere, Window Sill

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 World on a Window Sill, Part 1 By Trista L. Pollard

1     In every classroom on our planet, there is a "world on a window sill." Or maybe it sits on a shelf. No matter where it sits, this model is a smaller view of Earth. Globes are the most accurate or correct models of our planet. They show that Earth is a sphere. If we were looking at Earth from space, we would see its round shape. We would also see only one side of the Earth or a hemisphere. Hemisphere means half of a sphere. All globes are shaped like a sphere, even if they are different sizes.

2     Just like world maps, the globe is divided into areas of land and water. The only difference is that a globe is three dimensional. You can clearly see all seven continents and all of the oceans on a globe. It shows the exact location and shape of these landforms. A little more than 1/4 of the Earth is covered with land. Just in case you forgot, these are the seven continents — Australia, Antarctica, Europe, Africa, South America, North America, and Asia. Europe and Asia are the only two continents that are one big landmass. Geographers sometimes call it Eurasia. When looking at a globe, you also see sections of the land. These are countries and states.

3     There are five oceans on Earth — the Indian, the Arctic, the Atlantic, the Southern or Antarctic, and the Pacific. Our largest ocean is the Pacific. Take a look at the globe in your classroom. Which ocean is the smallest? Smaller bodies of water flow into our oceans. You will learn about those landforms later.

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