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Geography
Middle Atlantic Region's History and People, Part 2

Geography
Geography


Middle Atlantic Region's History and People, Part 2
Reading Level
     edHelper's suggested reading level:   grades 4 to 6
     Flesch-Kincaid grade level:   6.79

Vocabulary
     challenging words:    chinatown, harlem, newark, philadelphia, upstate, ports, historical, textile, historic, medical, entire, colonial, coastal, settled, mills, listed
     content words:    Middle Atlantic, New York City, Ellis Island, New York Harbor, York City, New York, New Jersey, Erie Canal, South America, New York Metropolitan


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Middle Atlantic Region's History and People, Part 2
By Trista L. Pollard
  

1     In the Middle Atlantic region, immigration helped the region grow during the 1800s. New York City became a gateway for immigrants. In 1892, Ellis Island opened in New York Harbor. It was a station for immigrants. This was their first stop after getting off ships from Europe. They were given medical exams. Their names were also written down. More than twelve million immigrants made their way through Ellis Island. As they sailed into the harbor, they saw the Statue of Liberty. It was given to us as a gift from the people of France in 1888. Both the statue and Ellis Island are famous landmarks today. It was used as an immigrant station until 1952. Now it is a museum. If you visit Ellis Island, you can see the names of some of these immigrants.
 
2     Once they arrived, many of these European immigrants settled in New York City. Others moved to upstate New York, New Jersey, or Pennsylvania. The entire region became an industrial area. Many of these immigrants worked in factories and mills throughout the region. Pennsylvania's coal and steel industries grew during this time. The textile factories in Manhattan had many young women and men who helped to make clothes. They also worked in shipping at ports in New York, New Jersey, Boston, and along the Erie Canal. People still continue to come to the region today. In addition to Europe, they come from Africa, Asia, South America, and the Caribbean.
 
3     As the cities became crowded, people moved to areas around the cities. These areas have grown into metropolitan areas. Metropolitan areas are large cities and the towns and suburbs that surround them. The New York Metropolitan area includes Manhattan and the towns that surround it. These towns are located in New Jersey, Connecticut, and Pennsylvania. People commute into Manhattan from these suburbs each day. Transportation is an important part of this region. There are many highways in the area. People can travel to states along the East Coast. The New Jersey Turnpike and the Garden State Parkway are very important to the people of New Jersey. Trains, ferries, and subways move people into and out of Manhattan. There are also large airports in this region. Newark Liberty Airport in New Jersey is one of the region's largest.

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