Worksheets and No Prep Teaching Resources
Worksheets and No Prep Teaching Resources
Reading Comprehension Worksheets
The Civil War

Prisoners of War

The Civil War<BR>(1861-1865)
The Civil War

Prisoners of War
Print Prisoners of War Reading Comprehension

Reading Level
     edHelper's suggested reading level:   grades 8 to 10
     Flesch-Kincaid grade level:   8.52

     challenging words:    parolee, overtax, well-equipped, determined, rejoining, stockade, best, better, ventilation, saying, swampy, unsanitary, latrine, minimal, rank, exposure
     content words:    Civil War, Dix-Hill Cartel, Union Secretary, War Edwin Stanton, New York, President Davis

Prisoners of War
By Mary Lynn Bushong

1     When the Civil War began, there was no real need to build prison camps. Prisoners were exchanged right after the battle was over or within days after the fact. One private was traded for another, a general for a general, and so on. If there were not enough men of a certain rank to exchange, they could be paroled instead. The specific rules for this were worked out in the July 1862 Dix-Hill Cartel. A parolee was under promise not to return to the battle until the right number of men had been exchanged to even the balance.
2     The Dix-Hill Cartel soon failed due to several problems. The Confederate government refused to exchange black prisoners, saying they would be treated as runaway slaves. Also, many Southern parolees did not honor the agreement. They quickly returned to duty, which is what happened after Vicksburg.
3     An interesting pattern began to develop regarding exchanged prisoners. Those from the Union often went home after being exchanged. Those from the South often went back to their units to continue fighting. They were in it for the long haul, and their experience made them more valuable.
4     Union Secretary of War Edwin Stanton decided in October 1862, that prisoner exchanges would stop. The Federal government was well aware that the Confederacy had limited resources, and if the North couldn't win on the battlefield, they would do it through depletion. By forcing the South to house, feed, and guard prisoners, they could use up valuable resources.

Paragraphs 5 to 12:
For the complete story with questions: click here for printable

Weekly Reading Books

          Create Weekly Reading Books

Prepare for an entire week at once!

Feedback on Prisoners of War
Leave your feedback on Prisoners of War   (use this link if you found an error in the story)

The Civil War

             The Civil War

More Lessons
             High School Reading Comprehensions and High School Reading Lessons

United States
             United States

    American Government  
    Black History and Blacks in U.S. History  
    Children in History  
    Government Careers  
    Hispanic Heritage  
    How Can I Help?  
    National Parks and Monuments  
    Native Americans  
    Presidents of the United States  
    Women's History  

United States History
    A Nation Divided
    A New Nation
    After the Civil War
    American Revolution  
    Cold War
    Colonial America (1492-1776)  
    Lewis and Clark
    Pearl Harbor  
    Spanish American War (1898)  
    The 1890's  
    The 1900's  
    The 1910's  
    The 1920's  
    The 1930's  
    The 1940's  
    The 1950's  
    The 1960's  
    The 1970's  
    The 1980's  
    The 1990's  
    The 2000's  
    The Civil War
    The Great Depression
    The United States Grows
    The War of 1812  
    Wild, Wild West  
    World War I
    World War II  

50 States

             Fifty States Theme Unit

Document Based Activities
      Document Based Activities

Copyright © 2018 edHelper