Worksheets and No Prep Teaching Resources
Worksheets and No Prep Teaching Resources
Reading Comprehension Worksheets
The 1950's
Cold Warriors, Part 1 - USSR

The 1950's
The 1950's


Cold Warriors, Part 1 - USSR
Print Cold Warriors, Part 1 - USSR Reading Comprehension with Sixth Grade Work

Print Cold Warriors, Part 1 - USSR Reading Comprehension


Reading Level
     edHelper's suggested reading level:   grades 6 to 8
     Flesch-Kincaid grade level:   6.92

Vocabulary
     challenging words:    brooked, collectivization, cult, imperialism, lackey, luftwaffe, peasant-ignorant, ruling, stalinism, stooge, output, tirade, thwart, largely, ally, czar
     content words:    Eastern Europe, Iron Curtain, Joseph Stalin, Communist Party, Under Stalin, Many Communist Party, As WWII, Eastern Bloc, Cold War, North Korea


Cold Warriors, Part 1 - USSR
By Toni Lee Robinson
  

1     By 1950, the world had settled behind some pretty firm boundaries. Much of Eastern Europe had become the U.S.S.R. The Iron Curtain, a cold, hard barrier between Communist nations and the West, had clanged shut. The closing of the Curtain was largely the work of one man, Joseph Stalin, the leader of the U.S.S.R., now called Russia.
 
2     The boy who would become Stalin came from a poor, troubled family. As young man, he took part in the bloody revolt that wrenched control of Russia from the czar (ZAHR). It was about this time he changed his last name to Stalin. He intended to make a statement with his new name. "Stalin" means "man of steel" in Russian. Stalin became head of Russia's ruling Communist Party in 1922.
 
3     Stalin used harsh methods to drag his backward nation into the 20th century. Under Stalin, the state managed all resources, including its people, with a heavy hand. Overnight, Russia's farmers became laborers on huge state farms. This measure was known as collectivization. Those who protested were shot or put in prison. Soviet farm output dropped drastically. Many people starved to death. Some sources estimate that more than 14 million people were starved or murdered.
 
4     A few years later, Stalin unleashed a three-year reign of terror called the "Great Purge." (Purge means cleansing or flushing out.) Many Communist Party members were arrested. They were charged with treason. Most ranking members of the military were suddenly executed. The purge spread to Russian citizens in general. Millions of people were seized and tortured. It is estimated that 20 million people died. They were shot outright or died in the harsh prison/slave labor system known as the Gulag. As WWII loomed, Russia was a nation in crisis.

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The 1950's
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