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The Civil War
(1861-1865)

Battle of Gettysburg 1863

The Civil War<BR>(1861-1865)
The Civil War
(1861-1865)


Battle of Gettysburg 1863
Print Battle of Gettysburg 1863 Reading Comprehension


Reading Level
     edHelper's suggested reading level:   grades 9 to 10
     Flesch-Kincaid grade level:   7.56

Vocabulary
     challenging words:    following, garrison, bombard, finding, determination, artillery, pivotal, division, further, advance, unfamiliar, importance, cavalry, previous, unsuccessful, regroup
     content words:    Civil War, General Lee, Shenandoah Valley, General Ewell, Cumberland Valley, Union General Hooker, General George Meade, On July, Cemetery Ridge, Cemetery Hill


Battle of Gettysburg 1863
By Mary L. Bushong
  

1     Perhaps the best known battle of the Civil War was Gettysburg. Men on both sides showed extreme courage and determination, making it the bloodiest battle with the highest death toll. It was of pivotal importance to both sides, marking a major turning point of the war.
 
2     After Antietam in September 1862, General Lee kept his troops south of Union territory. He used the time to regroup his men and build up his forces. He still hoped to win a big victory in the North and scare the Union forces into leaving the South alone. After his victory at the battle of Chancellorsville, the way was clear for the Confederacy to move north again.
 
3     In June of 1863, Lee began moving his men into the Shenandoah Valley. General Ewell and his men attacked and plundered a Union garrison at Winchester, allowing Lee access to the Cumberland Valley of Pennsylvania.
 
4     Union General Hooker wasn't sure what Lee was up to, but made little effort to block his way. Then on June 28, 1863 Lincoln replaced him with General George Meade. Lee heard that Meade was in Frederick, Maryland. Lee was ready to face the Union army again, and he came down out of the mountains to offer a battle.
 
5     Meade was moving his men north and had already moved one division of cavalry to the Gettysburg area, and he hoped to meet Lee further north in battle. On July 1, advance forces of the Confederate army came south and encountered the Union forces at Gettysburg. They were determined to remove them from the town. Soon the Union soldiers were moving south, out of town and regrouping.

Paragraphs 6 to 12:
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The Civil War
(1861-1865)

             The Civil War
(1861-1865)



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