Print Castles Reading Comprehension with Fourth Grade Work
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Print Castles Reading Comprehension
||edHelper's suggested reading level:
||grades 4 to 6
||Flesch-Kincaid grade level:
||brawn, erasmus, excrement, motte, mutton-chewing, spittle, wooden-framed, rubble, entertainment, medieval, occasionally, canopy, spite, plots, mutton, pike
By Colleen Messina
1 In the movies, castles seem like cozy, fun places full of knights, damsels in distress, and mutton-chewing hound dogs. In real life, castles were cold, dark, and drafty places full of servants, peasants, and mutton-chewing hound dogs. Let's take a peek into the real world of castles.
2 During the Middle Ages, kings and noblemen built castles for defense. The lord and his family and their servants lived in the castle. The lord owned the land around the castle, and it was farmed by peasants. In return, the peasants had small plots of land. The peasants didn't get paid, but they raised their own food on their plot of land. The lord also protected the peasants from danger.
3 The first castles were built about 900 years ago. They were called motte and bailey castles. The motte was a mound of earth where a tower for the castle stood. The bailey was a large, open area surrounded by a tall fence. Carpenters made the first castles out of wood, but that didn't work too well because enemies could burn them down. Stone made better, stronger castles, but it was much more expensive. Brave masons had to use high scaffolding to build those walls. Sometimes, the walls were 115 feet tall!
4 Castles changed over many years. Later castles had double walls that were called curtain walls. If the castle was attacked, the attackers had to break through two walls. Usually, the inner wall was higher than the outer one. During an attack, the drawbridge into the castle was raised. The walls had slits in them so that archers could fire arrows through the holes safely.
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