Sample Egypt - Geography Worksheet
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Egypt - Geography
By Ekaterina Zhdanova-Redman
1 Egypt is an Arab country in the Middle East. It is almost square in shape and occupies the northeastern corner of Africa and the Sinai Peninsula of southwestern Asia. The territory of Egypt is about one-ninth the size of the United States, or a little larger than Texas and New Mexico together. The Mediterranean Sea forms the northern boundary of the country, Israel and the Red Sea lie to the east, Sudan lies to the south of Egypt, and Libya to the west.
2 Cairo, the largest city in Africa, is the capital of Egypt. It is situated on the banks of the River Nile. It is a city of contrasts--a mixture of ancient culture and modern life, where western-looking buildings and skyscrapers stand side-by-side with Roman antiquities, the tombs of the Caliphs (Muslim rulers), and minarets (a tall slender towers attached to a Islamic worship buildings).
3 The broad Nile River flows the entire length of the country, but most of Egypt is covered by the wind-swept Sahara Desert. The Nile floods its banks every year, depositing rich soil along a narrow strip of land. The majority of the population lives on this strip, even though it makes up only about 3 percent of the country's territory. Only scattered groups of people live in the desert, mostly around oases.
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