Sample Russia - Geography (Grades 4-7) Worksheet
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Russia - Geography
By Ekaterina Zhdanova-Redman
1 Despite the collapse of the USSR, Russia is still the largest country in the world. It extends across northern Europe and Asia, stretching from the borders with Estonia, Latvia, Belarus, Ukraine and Turkey in the west, passing Kazakhstan, Mongolia and China, to reach the Pacific Ocean.
2 The landscape is mostly flat, punctuated only by the Urals, which rise no higher than 1900 meters, and the more substantial ranges of the Far East. Western Russia makes up the largest part of one of the great lowlands of the world, the Russian (or East European) Plain. The three major rivers of the Russian Plain - the Dnepr, Don and Volga - all rise within 400 km of Moscow and flow south into the Black and Caspian Seas. Russia's Asian part is Siberia and the Far East, with tundra, steppes, ranges, and taiga.
3 The line, dividing Russia into Western (European) and Eastern (Asian) parts, goes along the Urals--the belt of low mountains and plateaus. The length of the Urals' spine from north to south is about 2,100 km (1,300 miles). On the north, the Urals form the archipelago of Novaya Zemlya ("New Land"), the largest of the Arctic islands.
4 To the east from the Urals Mountains lies Russia's most extensive region, the Western Siberian Plain. It is the most striking single relief feature of the country and possibly of the world. It covers the area of more then 2,600,000 square kilometers (1,000,000 square miles) and is characterized by vast floodplains and some of the world's largest swamps.
5 The area further east from the Western Siberian Plain is the Central Siberian Plateau, bounded on the south by the Eastern Sayan Mountains and the Mountains of Baikal, and on the north descends to the North Siberian Lowland.
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