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Canadian Theme Unit
Quebec Established



Quebec Established
Reading Level
     edHelper's suggested reading level:   grades 6 to 7
     Flesch-Kincaid grade level:   6.76

Vocabulary
     challenging words:    arable, incidentally, seigneurie, monopoly, navigator, bankruptcy, starvation, ownership, sporadic, feudal, further, poorly, mere, critical, survival, province
     content words:    North American, New France, One Hundred Associates, Hundred Associates, Then British, French Protestants, New World, Roman Catholic Church, In New France, Sovereign Council


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Quebec Established
By Mary Lynn Bushong
  

1     Samuel de Champlain was a French navigator and explorer who was asked to help explore the North American territory. He and others explored France's new land. Champlain explored the St. Lawrence as far as the rapids where Montreal would be built.
 
2     He was involved with the attempt to develop a settlement in Acadia. The location was poorly chosen. Many of the people died, and the settlement was moved.
 
3     As he worked, Champlain could not help but see how important the fur trade was for France. In spite of that, no permanent trading posts were set up in New France.
 
4     In 1608, Champlain returned to the Narrows (Kebec in the Algonquin language). It was a perfect place for a settlement. There was an almost perfect harbor for ships, a protective bluff along the river, arable land, and trees for fuel and lumber.
 
5     An initial crop was planted and land cleared for the settlement. The town was made up of a single building where people lived and stored both food and furs. They would also take refuge there in case of attack. Champlain called it the "Abitation." It was surrounded with a palisade fence and a moat. A drawbridge controlled access in and out.
 
6     At first, only a handful of families lived in the settlement of Quebec, but every life was important to the survival of the town. Supply ships were sporadic, and many people died of disease or malnutrition that first winter.
 
7     One of the most important resources a colony needed was people. Without a large enough population base, it could not survive.
 
8     When Quebec was established, it included a mere handful of families. After the losses that first winter, it was critical to encourage more settlers to come.
 
9     Those settlers who did come to Quebec were often single men looking for adventure. This had both its good and bad points.

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